Planck Foundation



Local environments are always very vulnerable. Both water, soil and air qualities can be polluted very easily. Well known example: Air quality. In cities in the Western World till the '60ties and air quality in almost all Chinese cities these days the air is so polluted that the sky is one thick cloud always, day after day. Coal burning and car emissions can pollute air beyond for health necessary limits, which results in less wellbeing and mega rise of health costs. Water and soil qualities can be polluted by bad sanitation infrastructures and polluting industries or agricultural methods.

Author: Gijs Graafland

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Planck Foundation